Fascinating findings from an NBER working paper by Cronin and Evans (2020):
Increased-quality nursing properties, as measured by inspection rankings, have considerably decrease COVID-19 mortality. High quality doesn’t predict the power to stop any COVID-19 resident or workers circumstances, however higher-quality institutions forestall the unfold of resident infections conditional on having one. Stopping COVID-19 circumstances and deaths might come at some value, as high-quality properties have considerably larger non-COVID deaths, a end result in step with excessive extra non-COVID mortality among the many aged since March.
Current optimistic information of a possible COVID-19 vaccine is welcome information. Nonetheless, will individuals really take it if the vaccine proves protected and efficient? The reply probably relies upon in case your proximate friends are pro-vax or anti-vax. A paper by Estep and Greenberg (2020) argues that:
…residential and college choice processes create “pockets of homogeneity” attracting dad and mom inclined to decide out of vaccines. Structural options of those enclaves cut back the probability of harsh criticism for vaccine refusal and foster a false sense of safety from illness, making the selection to decide out appear each protected and socially acceptable. Examination of quantitative information on private perception exemptions (PBEs) from school-based vaccination necessities in California colleges and districts, in addition to findings from mother or father interviews, present empirical help for the speculation.
Hat tip: Kevin Lewis.