That’s the primary query that Reed et al. (2020) try and reply of their latest paper. The strategy they use is as follows:
We designed a discrete-choice experiment to manage 10 alternative questions to every respondent representing experimentally managed pairs of situations outlined by when nonessential companies may reopen (Could, July, or October 2020), cumulative share of Individuals contracting coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) via 2020 (2% to 20%), time for financial restoration (2 to five years), and the proportion of US households falling beneath the poverty threshold (16% to 25%)…
Making use of this technique, the survey collected data from about 6000 US adults in Could 2020. Utilizing a latent class evaluation, they discovered that 4 courses match the information finest.
The biggest class (36%) represented COVID-19 risk-minimizers, reluctant to just accept any will increase in COVID-19 dangers. About 26% have been waiters, strongly preferring to delay reopening nonessential companies, impartial of COVID-19 threat ranges. One other 25% represented recovery-supporters, primarily involved about time required for financial restoration. This group would settle for COVID-19 dangers as excessive as 16% (95% CI: 13%-19%) to shorten financial restoration from three to 2 years. The ultimate openers class prioritized lifting social distancing restrictions, accepting of COVID-19 dangers larger than 20% to open in Could slightly than July or October. Political affiliation, race, family revenue, and employment standing have been all related to class membership (P.01).
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