Weekly Roundup for DECEMBER  25, 2020: Current Publications in Ladies’s Psychological Well being




Each week we evaluate the newest publications in ladies’s psychological well being, overlaying subjects associated to premenstrual signs, perinatal temper and anxiousness problems, use of medicines in pregnant and breastfeeding ladies, perinatal substance use, and menopausal psychological well being. 

Over the previous few years, there have been a number of articles suggesting that extra aggressive ache administration on the time of labor and supply and throughout the postpartum interval might lower threat for postpartum melancholy.  A brand new examine from Deng and colleagues suggests that ladies who use epidural analgesia throughout a spontaneous vaginal supply are 60% much less more likely to expertise postpartum melancholy.  This can be a vital discount in threat; nevertheless, the examine will should be replicated in different populations.  

A number of articles on the therapy of ADHD throughout being pregnant.  The primary is from Allison Baker on the Middle for Ladies’s Psychological Well being — the primary examine to prospectively observe ladies with ADHD throughout being pregnant.  Whereas we sometimes counsel that ladies with gentle ADHD disconune stimulants throughout being pregnant, this examine means that this follow might improve threat for melancholy and worse high quality of life in ladies with ADHD.  You possibly can learn extra HERE.  

The opposite article is a evaluate of the usage of ADHD medicines, together with stimulants, in pregnant and breastfeeding ladies.  

For extra detailed descriptions of many of those subjects, you’ll be able to signal as much as obtain our weekly CWMH NEWSLETTER which comes out each Thursday.  

 

Ruta Nonacs, MD PhD

 

PMS AND PMDD

No articles this week

 

INFERTILITY AND MENTAL HEALTH

No articles this week

 

PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS DURING PREGNANCY

The Course of ADHD throughout Being pregnant.

Baker AS, Wales R, Noe O, Gaccione P, Freeman MP, Cohen LS.  J Atten Disord. 2020 Dec 11.  

Whereas ADHD signs remained secure throughout being pregnant, ladies who discontinued stimulant remedy throughout being pregnant reported elevated depressive signs and decrease high quality of life.  Learn extra about this examine HERE.


The function of neonatal vitamin D within the affiliation of prenatal melancholy with toddlers ADHD signs: A delivery cohort examine.

Ma SS, Zhu DM, Yin WJ, Hao JH, Huang Ok, Tao FB, Tao RX, Zhu P.  J Have an effect on Disord. 2020 Dec 13;281:390-396. 

Toddlers of moms with greater melancholy scores throughout being pregnant have been at elevated threat for ADHD (20.1% vs 11.1%, P = 0.003; adjusted RR=1.75, 95% CI: 1.10-2.81). Amongst toddlers with neonatal vitamin D deficiency (VDD), ADHD threat was considerably elevated with maternal melancholy (adjusted RR=3.74, 95% CI: 1.49-9.41), however this affiliation was not present in toddlers with enough vitamin D throughout being pregnant.

 

MEDICATIONS AND PREGNANCY

The results of medication used for the therapy of Consideration Deficit Hyperactivity Dysfunction (ADHD) on being pregnant final result and breastfeeding: a vital evaluate.

Ornoy A, Koren G.  Curr Neuropharmacol. 2020 Nov 27.

The information on the consequences of stimulants (methylphenidate and amphetamines) in being pregnant are usually reassuring.


The connection between oxytocin blood concentrations and antidepressants over being pregnant and the postpartum.

Galbally M, Watson SJ, Keelan JA, Spigset O, Lewis A.  Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2020 Dec 17:

Concurrent oxytocin blood concentrations weren’t related to perinatal antidepressant use. Nonetheless, oxytocin blood concentrations elevated extra steeply in these on antidepressants throughout the perinatal interval in comparison with untreated management ladies. 

 

POSTPARTUM PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS

Including perinatal anxiousness screening to melancholy screening: is it value it?

Lieb Ok, Reinstein S, Xie X, Bernstein PS, Karkowsky CE.  Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2020 Might;2(2):100099.

 Screening for perinatal anxiousness might improve referral charges to psychological well being professionals who can then diagnose and deal with ladies who expertise temper and anxiousness problems. Nervousness screening could also be significantly helpful in populations with a historical past of psychological well being diagnoses or substance abuse.


Being pregnant related epigenetic markers of irritation predict melancholy and anxiousness signs in response to discrimination.

Sluiter F, Incollingo Rodriguez AC, Nephew BC, Cali R, Murgatroyd C, Santos HP Jr.

Neurobiol Stress. 2020 Nov 21.  Free article.


The impression of pre-pregnancy BMI on maternal depressive and anxiousness signs throughout being pregnant and the postpartum interval: A scientific evaluate and meta-analysis.

Dachew BA, Ayano G, Betts Ok, Alati R.  J Have an effect on Disord. 2020 Dec 10;281:321-330. 

Pre-pregnancy weight problems was related to a 33% elevated threat of antenatal depressive signs (pooled OR = 1.33 [95% CI; 1.20-1.48]).


Neuraxial labor analgesia is related to a decreased threat of postpartum melancholy: A multicenter potential cohort examine with propensity rating matching.

Deng CM, Ding T, Li S, Lei B, Xu MJ, Wang L, Xu SC, Yang HX, Solar XY, Li XY, Ma D, Wang DX.

J Have an effect on Disord. 2020 Dec 8;281:342-350.

After adjustment for confounding elements, epidural (neuroaxial) analgesia was related to decreased odds of postpartum melancholy (odds ratio [OR] 0.40, 95% CI 0.21-0.77, P=0.006).

 

MEDICATIONS AND BREASTFEEDING

No articles this week

 

PERINATAL SUBSTANCE USE

Prenatal opioid publicity – Rising proof of hurt.

Mactier H, Hamilton R.  Early Hum Dev. 2020 Nov;150:105188. Evaluate.


Hashish Use in Pregnant and Breastfeeding Ladies: Behavioral and Neurobiological Penalties.

Navarrete F, García-Gutiérrez MS, Gasparyan A, Austrich-Olivares A, Femenía T, Manzanares J.  Entrance Psychiatry. 2020 Nov 2;11:586447. Free article.

Amongst pregnant ladies aged 15-44, final month hashish use prevalence was over 4.9%, rising to eight.5% within the 18-25-year-old age vary. Pre- and postnatal publicity to hashish could also be related to vital alterations within the new child infants which can be extended all through childhood and adolescence.


Guideline No. 405: Screening and Counselling for Alcohol Consumption Throughout Being pregnant.

Graves L, Carson G, Poole N, Patel T, Bigalky J, Inexperienced CR, Prepare dinner JL.  J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2020 Sep;42(9):1158-1173.

Implementation of the suggestions in these pointers utilizing validated screening instruments and transient intervention approaches might improve obstetrical care supplier recognition of alcohol consumption and problematic alcohol use amongst ladies of child-bearing age and those that are pregnant. 

 

MATERNAL MENTAL HEALTH AND CHILD OUTCOMES

Twine Serum Cytokines at Beginning and Kids’s Nervousness-Despair Trajectories From Three to eight Years: The EDEN Mom-Baby Cohort.

Galera C, Barbosa S, Collet O, Khalfallah O, Aouizerate B, Sutter-Dalley AL, Koehl M, Capuron L, Van der Waerden J, Melchior M, Côté S, Heude B, Glaichenhaus N, Davidovic L; EDEN Mom–Baby Cohort Examine Group.  Biol Psychiatry. 2020 Oct 24.

Immune dysregulation on the time of delivery was related to worse outcomes in kids.  


Worry of childbirth throughout being pregnant: associations with noticed mother-infant interactions and perceived bonding.

Challacombe FL, Nath S, Trevillion Ok, Pawlby S, Howard LM.  Arch Womens Ment Well being. 2020 Dec 17.

Worry of childbirth makes a definite contribution to perceived postpartum bonding difficulties however noticed mother-infant interplay high quality was not affected. 

 

MENOPAUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH

No articles this week

 

OTHER TOPICS IN WOMEN’S MENTAL HEALTH

No articles this week

 

 

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